Sunday, 8 November 2020

Prometheus Monitoring - Part 5

My previous articles mainly discussed regarding the alerts, alerts manager, and notifications. 

In this article, we will include Prometheus as a datasource from Grafana for data visualisations. 
  • Install & Configure Grafana
    • Install nginx
    • Install & Configure Nginx 
    • Configure Nginx reverse proxy
    • Configure SSL
    • Register to DNS
  • Setup Prometheus DataSource
  • Setup Prometheus Dashboards
  • Create dashboards for node exporters  
Install & Configure Grafana
I am installing Grafana using Ubuntu 20.04, with a root account.

sudo apt update
sudo apt-get install -y adduser libfontconfig1
wget https://dl.grafana.com/oss/release/grafana_7.2.0_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i grafana_7.2.0_amd64.deb
sudo service grafana-server start
sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service


Your Grafana server will be hosted at http://[your Grafana server ip]:3000
The default Grafana login is
Username :admin
Password :admin

If you need to have an SSL, installing an nginx proxy would be fine and then configure reverse proxy to redirect accordingly.

sudo apt install nginx -y
sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/prometheus


server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name  prometheus.YOUR-DOMAIN-NAME;

    location / {
proxy_pass           http://localhost:3000/;
    }
}


Save and test the new configuration has no errors
nginx -t

http://YOUR-DOMAIN-NAME
Visiting your ip address directly will still show the default Nginx welcome page. you can remove( rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default )

restart nginx,
sudo service nginx restart
sudo service nginx status


Add SSL certificates to the grafana dashboards.

sudo snap install --classic certbot
sudo certbot --nginx

Once those certs are installed, you can use https://grafana.domainname.com to login from the browser.



Setup Prometheus DataSource

Once you logged into the grafana, go to "Configurations" → Click on "DataSources" → Select "Prometheus" .
Configurations required over here have to be filled up.




Go to the explore tabs in which Prometheus is already selected, and run the query "go_threads". 



Setup Prometheus Dashboards

Go to Prometheus Configurations → Datasources → Click on the datasources which you have created → select Dashboards → Prometheus 2.0 Stats → Click on Import.



Create dashboards for node exporters

Configurations section choose → Plugins → Click on "Find more plugins on Grafana.com" → Select "Dashboards" → Select [ English version ] → copy ID : 11074

Grafana Web page, select "Manage" from Dashboards → Select "Import" → Paste the ID : "11074"




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